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Synovial cysts of the spine

Synovial cysts of the spine,10.1097/00006123-198804000-00004,Neurosurgery,B M Onofrio,A D Mih

Synovial cysts of the spine   (Citations: 87)
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Journal: Neurosurgery , vol. 22, no. 4, 1988
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    • ...Suboccipital craniotomy ? C1 and C2 laminectomy Onofrio and Mih [12],...

    Götz Lütjenset al. A modified “far-lateral” approach for safe resection of retroodontoid ...

    • ...Less common aetiologies include intraspinal extradural masses, including synovial cysts [1], ganglion cysts [2], pseudocysts, haematoma, metastatic tumour...
    • ...Synovial or ganglion cysts of the facet joints have been reported to cause nerve root compression in the lumbar spine [1,2]...
    • ...Synovial cysts communicate with the facet joint, have a synovial lining (pseudostratified columnar epithelium), and contain clear or xanthochromic fluid [1]...

    Alexander Pak-Hin Chanet al. Rare ligamentum flavum cyst causing incapacitating lumbar spinal steno...

    • ...However, these three locations seem to be appropriate as an origin of the cysts [6, 10, 16, 17]...

    Petros Christophiset al. “Juxtafacet cysts”, a misleading name for cystic formations of mobile ...

    • ...The Aetiopathogenesis of synovial cysts remains controversial, however spinal instability and spinal trauma seem to be the main causative factors [6, 9, 13, 15, 17]...
    • ...In fact, segmental hypermobility seems to play an important role in the development of synovial cysts [15, 17]...
    • ...The frequent association with spondylolisthesis, as in our series (48%), is in favour of instability playing a major role [6, 9, 10, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20]...

    P. Mételluset al. Retrospective study of 77 patients harbouring lumbar synovial cysts: F...

    • ...In 1885, Baker first described the formation of synovial cysts adjacent joints to a joint [3, 4]. Synovial cyst occur throughout the body, in the spine they may occur anywhere in cervical [23, 25, 37], thoracic [2, 13] and in the lumbar spine [1, 7, 12, 13, 18, 21, 22, 33, 35, 36, 38, 39, 56]...
    • ...The proteinaceous content of the cyst can demonstrate greater signal intensity than the surrounding CSF on both T1and T2 weighted images [24, 30, 38]...
    • ...As other authors have discussed, there is no clinical relevance to differentiating between ganglion and synovial cysts, as their presentations, treatments and prognoses are identical [21, 38, 44]...
    • ...Onforio et al. [38] reported 8 of 12 patients while Kurtz et al. [32] reported three of four with spondylolisthesis, none underwent spinal fusion...

    Amir M. Khanet al. Spinal lumbar synovial cysts. Diagnosis and management challenge

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