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Treatment strategy for hepatocellular carcinoma: expanding the indications for radiofrequency ablation

Treatment strategy for hepatocellular carcinoma: expanding the indications for radiofrequency ablation,10.1007/s00535-008-2247-9,Journal of Gastroente

Treatment strategy for hepatocellular carcinoma: expanding the indications for radiofrequency ablation   (Citations: 4)
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Ryosuke Tateishi, Shuichiro Shiina, Takamasa Ohki, Takahisa Sato, Ryota Masuzaki, Jun Imamura, Eriko Goto, Tadashi Goto, Hideo Yoshida, Shuntaro Obi, Shinpei Sato, Fumihiko Kanaihttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=32779400&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
Background  Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is ordinarily indicated for those with three or fewer nodules, none of which exceeds 3 cm in diameter. This study investigated whether an apparent threshold exists in the diameter and number of nodules in terms of the prognosis of patients with HCC. Methods  We enrolled 663 naïve patients with HCC who were treated with RFA at our hospital between 1999 and 2005. We analyzed the patients’ prognosis using multivariate Cox proportional regression with the diameter and number of nodules as covariates and Child-Pugh class as a stratification factor. The diameter and number were categorized as ≤2.0, 2.1–3.0, 3.1–4.0, 4.1–5.0, and >5 cm and 1, 2–3, 4–5, and >5, respectively. Results  The adjusted hazard ratio of patients whose largest nodule was ≤2.0, 2.1–3.0, 3.1–4.0, 4.1–5.0, and >5 cm was 1, 1.51, 2.56, 2.25, and 2.71, respectively. The adjusted hazard ratio of patients with one, two or three, four or five, and more than five nodules was 1, 1.35, 1.70, and 2.12, respectively. Therefore, patients with three or fewer nodules, none of which exceeds 5 cm in diameter, have a 5-year survival of 40%. Conclusions  The prognosis of the patients worsened gradually as the diameter and number of nodules increased. No apparent threshold in the diameter or number of HCC nodules was detected. RFA can be applied beyond the conventional indications.
Journal: Journal of Gastroenterology - J GASTROENTEROLOGY , vol. 44, no. S19, pp. 142-146, 2009
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