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C1-esterase inhibitor attenuates the inflammatory response during human endotoxemia

C1-esterase inhibitor attenuates the inflammatory response during human endotoxemia,10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181f17be4,Critical Care Medicine,Mirrin J. Dorr

C1-esterase inhibitor attenuates the inflammatory response during human endotoxemia   (Citations: 1)
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OBJECTIVE: Besides its role in regulation of the complement and contact system, C1-esterase inhibitor has other immunomodulating effects that could prove beneficial in patients with acute inflammation such as during sepsis or after trauma. We examined the immunomodulating properties of C1-esterase inhibitor during human experimental endotoxemia, in which the innate immune system is activated in the absence of activation of the classic complement pathway. DESIGN: Double-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Research intensive care unit of the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. SUBJECTS: Twenty healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous injection of 2 ng/kg Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. Thirty minutes thereafter (to prevent binding of lipopolysaccharide), C1-esterase inhibitor concentrate (100 U/kg, n = 10) or placebo (n = 10) was infused. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, markers of endothelial and complement activation, hemodynamics, body temperature, and symptoms were measured. C1-esterase inhibitor reduced the release of proinflammatory cytokines as well as C-reactive protein (peak levels of: interleukin-6 1521 +/- 209 vs. 932 +/- 174 pg/mL [p = .04], tumor necrosis factor-alpha 1213 +/- 187 vs. 827 +/- 167 pg/mL [p = .10], monocyte chemotactic protein-1 6161 +/- 1302 vs. 3373 +/- 228 pg/mL [p = .03], interleukin-1beta 34 +/- 5 vs. 23 +/- 2 pg/mL [p < .01], C-reactive protein 39 +/- 4 vs. 29 +/- 2 mg/L [p = .02]). In contrast, release of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 was increased by C1-esterase inhibitor (peak level 73 +/- 11 vs. 121 +/- 18 pg/mL, p = .02). The increase in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist tended to be smaller in the C1-esterase inhibitor group, but this effect did not reach statistical significance (p = .07). Markers for endothelial activation were increased after lipopolysaccharide infusion, but no significant differences between groups were observed. The lipopolysaccharide-induced changes in heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and symptoms (all p < .001 over time) were not influenced by C1-esterase inhibitor. Complement fragment C4 was not increased after lipopolysaccharide challenge. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to demonstrate that C1-esterase inhibitor exerts anti-inflammatory effects in the absence of classic complement activation in humans.
Journal: Critical Care Medicine - CRIT CARE MED , pp. 2139-2145, 2010
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