Anorectal stenosis in a neonate: Report of a case and review of the Japanese literature
We report herein the case of an infant with anorectal stenosis successfully treated by staged surgery. At 1 day of age, the anal orifice showed circumferential stenosis located 5 mm from the anal verge and extending into the anal canal for approximately 1 cm; however, no hypertrophic raphe or bucket handle appearance were observed, and no associated anomalies such as a presacral mass or sacral dysgenesis were found. At 2 days of age, the infant underwent a sigmoid colostomy under the diagnosis of low anorectal stenosis, followed by a successful anorectoplasty, performed through a sacroperineal approach when he was 8 months old. An analysis of 13 other cases of anorectal stenosis from the Japanese literature indicates that this type of malformation should be treated by staged surgery, as an initial colostomy in the neonatal period, followed by anorectoplasty through a sacroperineal approach during infancy.