Facility Changes Mediated by cAMP in the Bovine Anterior Segment In Vitro

Facility Changes Mediated by cAMP in the Bovine Anterior Segment In Vitro,10.1016/S0042-6989(96)00106-X,Vision Research,R. GILABERT,X. GASULL,J. PALÉS

Facility Changes Mediated by cAMP in the Bovine Anterior Segment In Vitro   (Citations: 9)
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The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of substances that increase intracellular cAMP levels on the aqueous humor outflow facility (C) of isolated bovine anterior segments.Anterior segments were perfused in vitro at a constant pressure of 10 mmHg for 270 min with a general protocol as follows: 90 min control perfusion with DMEM, 90 min of experimental perfusion with DMEM containing the test drug(s), and 90 min of postdrug-perfusion with DMEM. C was calculated as the ratio between the rate of medium inflow (μl/min) and the perfusion pressure (mmHg).Anterior segments can be perfused in vitro for up to 5 hr without significantly modifying their C. The addition of epinephrine, forskolin, dibutyryl-cAMP or isobutylmethylxanthine to the control perfusion medium elicited a significant increase of C. If, during isobutylmethylxanthine perfusion, forskolin or epinephrine was added, C increased significantly. Finally, perfusion with indomethacin prior to addition of epinephrine prevented the increase of C induced by epinephrine.Epinephrine, the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, the cAMP analog dibutyryl-cAMP, and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutylmethylxanthine all increase aqueous facility. It seems reasonable to suspect that the cAMP system is involved in epinephrine's effects on bovine trabecular meshwork cells. Moreover, the complete inhibition by indomethacin of the outflow facility increase induced by epinephrine suggests that prostaglandins may be involved in the outflow facility mechanisms related to adrenoreceptor stimulation of trabecular meshwork cells. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Journal: Vision Research - VISION RES , vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 9-15, 1997
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