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Alpha-synuclein aggregation is involved in the toxicity induced by ferric iron to SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells

Alpha-synuclein aggregation is involved in the toxicity induced by ferric iron to SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells,10.1007/s00702-010-0453-0,Journal of Neu

Alpha-synuclein aggregation is involved in the toxicity induced by ferric iron to SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells   (Citations: 1)
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Increased nigral iron levels and intracytoplasmic Lewy bodies (LBs) in the degenerating neurons are found in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Whether LBs formation is involved in the toxicity of iron is largely unknown. In the present study, we observed that the toxicity of ferric iron was enhanced when SK-N-SH cells were overexpressed with wild-type alpha-synuclein. The mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Δψ m) and cell viability were decreased in these cells, while the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were increased, compared with that of control. More aggregated alpha-synuclein was observed in these cells. However, while silencing the expression of alpha-synuclein in SK-N-SH cells with siRNA, iron-induced toxicity could be partially alleviated, indicated by the returned Δψ m and cell viability and reduced ROS formation compared with that of control. No alpha-synuclein aggregation could be observed in these cells. The results suggest that alpha-synuclein aggregation was involved in the toxicity of iron to SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. Targeting the aggregation of alpha-synuclein might provide a therapeutic strategy for PD in the future.
Journal: Journal of Neural Transmission - J NEURAL TRANSM , vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 397-406, 2011
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