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Production and Characterization of Cellobiohydrolase from a Novel Strain of Penicillium purpurogenum KJS506

Production and Characterization of Cellobiohydrolase from a Novel Strain of Penicillium purpurogenum KJS506,10.1007/s12010-010-9013-1,Applied Biochemi

Production and Characterization of Cellobiohydrolase from a Novel Strain of Penicillium purpurogenum KJS506   (Citations: 1)
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A high cellobiohydrolase (CBH)-producing strain was isolated and identified as Penicillium purpurogenum KJS506 according to the morphology and comparison of internal transcribed spacer rDNA gene sequence. When rice straw and corn steep powder were used as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, a maximum CBH activity of 2.6 U mg-protein−1, one of the highest among CBH-producing microorganisms, was obtained. The optimum temperature and pH for CBH production were 30 °C and 4.0, respectively. The increased production of CBH in P. purpurogenum culture at 30 °C was confirmed by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by MS/MS sequencing of the partial peptide. The internal amino acid sequences of P. purpurogenum CBH showed a significant homology with hydrolases from glycoside hydrolase family 7. The extracellular CBH was purified to homogeneity by sequential chromatography of P. purpurogenum culture supernatants on a DEAE-sepharose column, a gel filtration column, and then on a Mono Q column with fast-protein liquid chromatography. The purified CBH was a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 60 kDa and showed broad substrate specificity with maximum activity towards p-nitrophenyl β-d-cellobiopyranoside. P. purpurogenum CBH showed t 1/2 value of 4 h at 60 °C and V max value of 11.9 μmol min−1 mg-protein−1 for p-nitrophenyl-d-cellobiopyranoside. Although CBHs have been reported, the high specific activity distinguishes P. purpurogenum CBH.
Journal: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - APPL BIOCHEM BIOTECH , vol. 163, no. 1, pp. 25-39, 2011
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