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Trunk muscle reactions to sudden unexpected and expected perturbations in the absence of upright postural demand

Trunk muscle reactions to sudden unexpected and expected perturbations in the absence of upright postural demand,10.1007/s00221-009-1860-z,Experimenta

Trunk muscle reactions to sudden unexpected and expected perturbations in the absence of upright postural demand   (Citations: 1)
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The aim was to increase the understanding of the multifunctional role of the trunk muscles in spine control, particularly transversus abdominis (TrA). In 11 healthy males, intramuscular fine-wire electromyography (EMG) was obtained bilaterally from TrA, obliquus externus (OE), rectus abdominis (RA) and erector spinae (ES). The subjects lay on their right side on a horizontal swivel-table with immobilized pelvis and lower limbs and the trunk strapped to a movable platform. Unexpected or expected release of loads attached to the table by steel cables produced a perturbation inducing either trunk flexion or extension. The timing and the amplitude of activation of TrA were independent of direction of induced trunk movement. Furthermore, timing of TrA activation was simultaneous to or later than that of the more superficial abdominal muscles. Expectation of the perturbation caused a general shortening of onset latencies. The results indicate a direction independent function of TrA in lumbar spine control. Balancing the trunk vertically appears to add specific demands, since the recruitment of TrA in relation to the other abdominal muscles differed from earlier experiments in standing.
Journal: Experimental Brain Research - EXP BRAIN RES , vol. 196, no. 3, pp. 385-392, 2009
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