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Epilepsy surgery: perioperative investigations of intractable epilepsy

Epilepsy surgery: perioperative investigations of intractable epilepsy,10.1007/s00429-005-0043-3,Anatomy and Embryology,A. Gorji,H. Straub,E.-J. Speck

Epilepsy surgery: perioperative investigations of intractable epilepsy   (Citations: 1)
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Recent advances in our understanding of the basic mechanisms of epilepsy have derived, to a large extent, from increasing ability to carry out detailed studies on patients surgically treated for intractable epilepsy. Clinical and experimental perioperative studies divide into three different phases: before the surgical intervention (preoperative studies), on the intervention itself (intraoperative studies), and on the period when the part of the brain that has to be removed is available for further investigations (postoperative studies). Before surgery, both structural and functional neuroimaging techniques, in addition to their diagnostic roles, could be used to investigate the pathophysiological mechanisms of seizure attacks in epileptic patients. During epilepsy surgery, it is possible to insert microdialysis catheters and electroencephalogram electrodes into the brain tissues in order to measure constituents of extracellular fluid and record the bioelectrical activity. Subsequent surgical resection provides tissue that can be used for electrophysiological, morphological, and molecular biological investigations. To take full advantage of these opportunities, carefully designed experimental protocols are necessary to compare the data from different phases and characterize abnormalities in the human epileptic brain.
Journal: Anatomy and Embryology - ANAT EMBRYOL , vol. 210, no. 5, pp. 525-537, 2005
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