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Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels in cultured rat Sertoli cells regulate an acid sensing chloride channel

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels in cultured rat Sertoli cells regulate an acid sensing chloride channel,10.1016/j.bcp.2007.0

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels in cultured rat Sertoli cells regulate an acid sensing chloride channel   (Citations: 6)
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Sertoli cells provide a controlled microenvironment for regulation and maintenance of spermatogenesis for which an acidic milieu is crucial for male fertility. Sertoli cells also contribute to protection of spermatogenetic cells. Here, we showed that TRPV1 is expressed in rat Sertoli cells and regulates an acid sensing Cl− channel (ASCC). The expression of TRPV1 in rat Sertoli cells was demonstrated by RT-PCR, immunostaining and calcium measurement experiments. ASCC activity was inhibited by capsaicin (IC50=214.3±1.6nM), olvanil (IC50=400±1.7pM) and resiniferatoxin (IC50=9.3±1.5nM) but potentiated by capsazepine (EC50=5.3±1.3μM) and ruthenium red (EC50=2.3±1.5μM). In the human airway epithelial cell line Calu-3 in which ASCC can be detected but not TRPV1, capsaicin and capsazepine were without any effect. Finally the application of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen prevented the control of ASCC by TRPV1. Our study provides the first evidence for a regulation by TRPV1 of an acid sensing chloride channel in rat Sertoli cells. TRPV1 and ASCC may thus be considered as new potential physiological regulators of spermatogenesis and targets for pharmacological treatments of reproductive disorders as cryptorchidism, Sertoli cell tumors or torsion of the spermatic cord.
Journal: Biochemical Pharmacology - BIOCHEM PHARMACOL , vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 476-483, 2008
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