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Host-associated genetic differentiation in rice grasshopper, Oxya japonica, on wild vs. cultivated rice

Host-associated genetic differentiation in rice grasshopper, Oxya japonica, on wild vs. cultivated rice,10.1016/j.bse.2010.05.003,Biochemical Systemat

Host-associated genetic differentiation in rice grasshopper, Oxya japonica, on wild vs. cultivated rice   (Citations: 1)
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Rice grasshopper, Oxya japonica, is one of the most important pests in south China, mainly inhabiting fields of wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) and cultivated rice (Oryza sativa). In this study, we used AFLP marker to investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of rice grasshoppers collected from south China, with emphasis on testing the hypothesis that there was significant genetic differentiation among grasshopper populations associated with different hosts (i.e. wild vs. cultivated rice). Seven populations consisting of 104 individuals were sampled from Hainan Island and the mainland of south China. Eight primer combinations produced 564 reliable bands, of which 563 were polymorphic. O. japonica showed considerable genetic variation at population level, with gene diversity (HE) ranging from 0.1103 to 0.2035. Genetic diversity were studied on seven populations, and generally three populations from wild rice had higher levels of genetic diversity (HE = 0.1635) than the other four populations feeding on cultivated rice (HE = 0.1327). We observed high population differentiation, with Fst ranging from 0.4172 to 0.7652 among the seven populations. However, Mantel test detected no significant correlation between genetic distance and geographical distance (r = 0.3541; p = 0.0689). By contrast, we found significant genetic differentiation between groups collected from different hosts. These data suggested that the anthropogenic activity in cultivated rice fields (i.e. pesticides, fertilization and cultivation) could have played an important role in shaping the genetic structure of O. japonica.
Journal: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology - BIOCHEM SYST ECOL , vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 958-963, 2010
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