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The co-application effects of fullerene and ascorbic acid on UV-B irradiated mouse skin

The co-application effects of fullerene and ascorbic acid on UV-B irradiated mouse skin,10.1016/j.tox.2009.09.015,Toxicology,Shinobu Ito,Kazuyoshi Ito

The co-application effects of fullerene and ascorbic acid on UV-B irradiated mouse skin   (Citations: 1)
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The role of fullerene as a pro-oxidant or anti-oxidant in Ultraviolet B ray (UV-B)-induced disorders in mouse skin was investigated. Fullerene gave no photo-toxic effect to UV-B-irradiated mouse skin. Since erythema was concentrated at the pore circumference in a UV-B irradiation experiment in mouse skin, the sebaceous gland pairs was strongly implicated as a site for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In a histological evaluation of the skin stained with CH3MDFDA (ROS index) and YO-Pro-1 (apoptosis index), the fluorescence intensity of a sebaceous gland significantly increased with UV-B irradiation. With the application of fullerene to UV-irradiated mouse skin, no toxicity was recognized in comparison with the control, and erythema, the ROS index, and the apoptosis index decrease with the application of fullerene. Ascorbyl radical (AA) increased with the application of ascorbate (AA) to UV-B-irradiated mouse skin, and AA decreased with the application of fullerene. The co-application of AA and fullerene, which suppressed AA in vitro, significantly suppressed erythema, and also suppressed both the ROS index and apoptosis index in mouse skin after UV-B irradiation. In both mouse skin at 48h after UV-B irradiation and in an attempt to reproduce this phenomenon artificially in vitro, a similar high AA peak (AA/H>4) was observed in electron spin resonance (ESR) charts. The binding of fullerene with AA impairs the Fenton reaction between AA and Fe-protein based on the observation of ascorbate-specific UV absorption and a linear equation for the calibration curve. Therefore, fullerene may impair the intercalation of AA to a heme pocket by binding with AA. These results suggest that the co-application of AA and fullerene is effective against oxidative skin damage caused by UV-B irradiation, and the development of an AA inhibitor such as fullerene should be useful for reducing organ damage associated with Fe-protein oxidation.
Journal: Toxicology , vol. 267, no. 1, pp. 27-38, 2010
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