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Efficiency of different strategies to detect autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens

Efficiency of different strategies to detect autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens,10.1016/j.jim.2010.06.013,Journal of Immunological Methods

Efficiency of different strategies to detect autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens   (Citations: 1)
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Autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens (anti-ENA) are identified mainly in samples positive for antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Although the method of choice for ANA screening is indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), several techniques are available to detect anti-ENA. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of five different strategies to determine anti-ENA. During a 2-year period we screened ANA in 30375 samples with IIF, and the 4475 samples ANA positive were tested for anti-ENA by double immune diffusion screening or fluoroenzymeimmunoassay (Screening FI); anti-ENA specificities were then determined by line immunoassay (LIA) or fluoroenzymeimmunoassay (FI). We compared five strategies that involved FI or LIA identification of anti-ENA with or without prior screening, or an algorithm that combined fluorescence pattern, number of anti-ENA specificities requested by the clinician and ANA dilution titer. One cost unit (CU) was defined as the cost of 1 test of ANA determination. We detected 553 anti-ENA positive samples. The most efficient strategy was the algorithm, at a cost of 3.3CU per sample processed, the second most efficient strategy was screening plus FI identification (cost=3.8CU), and the third most efficient strategy was screening plus LIA identification (cost=3.9CU). The fourth most efficient strategy was FI identification without prior screening (13.3CU per sample) and the least efficient was LIA identification without prior screening (13.6CU per sample). In conclusion, an algorithm that combined techniques for detection, ANA titer, fluorescence pattern and number of specificities requested was the most efficient strategy for determining anti-ENA.
Journal: Journal of Immunological Methods - J IMMUNOL METHOD , vol. 360, no. 1, pp. 89-95, 2010
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