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Cell density is a critical determinant of aromatase expression in adipose stromal cells

Cell density is a critical determinant of aromatase expression in adipose stromal cells,10.1016/j.jsbmb.2009.12.001,Journal of Steroid Biochemistry an

Cell density is a critical determinant of aromatase expression in adipose stromal cells  
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Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. This is at least partly due to excessive estrogen production in adipose tissue of obese women. Aromatase, the key enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis, is an important target in endocrine therapy for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive postmenopausal breast cancer. In this study we show that high confluency of human adipose stromal cells (ASCs) cultured in vitro can significantly stimulate aromatase gene expression and reduce the expression of breast tumor suppressor BRCA1 and members of the NR4A orphan nuclear family. Furthermore, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of Nurr1, a member of the NR4A family, substantially increased aromatase expression. Lastly, we found that the cell density-triggered inducibility of aromatase expression varies in ASCs isolated from different disease-free individuals. Our finding highlights the impact of increased cell number on estrogen biosynthesis as in the case of excessive adiposity.
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