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Hemoglobin Increases Endothelin1 in Endothelial Cells by Decreasing Nitric Oxide

Hemoglobin Increases Endothelin1 in Endothelial Cells by Decreasing Nitric Oxide,10.1006/bbrc.2000.4167,Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communica

Hemoglobin Increases Endothelin1 in Endothelial Cells by Decreasing Nitric Oxide   (Citations: 16)
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We determined whether ferrous hemoglobin increases endothelin-1 (ET-1) secretion from bovine cerebral artery endothelial cells and the mechanisms involved. Exposure of endothelial cells to hemoglobin caused dose-dependent increases in pre-proET-1 mRNA and peptide. The increase in ET-1 peptide was inhibited by cycloheximide or actinomycin D whereas only cycloheximide decreased basal ET-1 release. NG-nitro-l-arginine significantly increased ET-1 concentration and reduced hemoglobin stimulation of ET-1 release. 8-Bromo-cGMP did not alter basal ET-1 concentration but suppressed hemoglobin-induced ET-1 production. Methemoglobin and S-nitrosylated methemoglobin were less potent inducers of ET-1 release. In summary, hemoglobin increases ET-1 in cerebral endothelial cells by mechanisms that involve transcription and translation. Nitric oxide production inhibits ET-1 production. Ferrous hemoglobin increases ET-1 by binding nitric oxide and abolishing this inhibitory pathway although other mechanisms are involved since NG-nitro-l-arginine reduces hemoglobin-induced ET-1 release.
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