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In vivo modulation of angiogenesis by beta 2 glycoprotein I

In vivo modulation of angiogenesis by beta 2 glycoprotein I,10.1016/j.jaut.2010.06.013,Journal of Autoimmunity,F. H. Passam,J. C. Qi,K. Tanaka,K. I. M

In vivo modulation of angiogenesis by beta 2 glycoprotein I   (Citations: 1)
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Beta 2 glycoprotein I (β2GPI) is the major auto antigen in the antiphospholipid syndrome but also interacts with fibrinolytic and angiogenic proteins. The aim of this study was to examine the angiogenic potential of β2GPI in vivo in β2GPI deficient mice utilizing angiogenic assays. β2GPI deficient mice show increased microvessel formation in comparison to β2GPI replete controls when injected with growth factor free-matrigel implants. However, microvessel formation in matrigel plugs of β2GPI deficient mice was less than in β2GPI replete mice when basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was included in the matrigel. Hemoglobin content was higher in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) containing-matrigel plugs in the β2GPI deficient mouse demonstrating that the lack of β2GPI led to increased extravasation by VEGF. Melanoma B16F10 tumour growth was enhanced in β2GPI deficient mice. Melanoma microvessel density was increased in β2GPI deficient mice but the proliferation rate of tumour cells (determined by Ki67 immunohistochemistry) was unaffected by the presence or absence of β2GPI. Subcutaneous delivery of native human β2GPI by the ALZET osmotic pump did not affect melanoma tumour growth in β2GPI deficient mice. We conclude that the in vivo unopposed action of β2GPI is anti-angiogenic however this function is modified in the presence of a strong angiogenic stimulus into stabilization of vessel formation. Although the presence of β2GPI attenuates vessel sprouting in certain tumours, no survival benefit is conferred to tumour bearing animals. This does not preclude the potential benefit of modified or fragments of β2GPI in anti-angiogenesis research.
Journal: Journal of Autoimmunity - J AUTOIMMUN , vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 232-240, 2010
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