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The c.1275A>G putative chronic pancreatitis-associated synonymous polymorphism in the glycoprotein 2 ( GP2) gene decreases exon 9 inclusion

The c.1275A>G putative chronic pancreatitis-associated synonymous polymorphism in the glycoprotein 2 ( GP2) gene decreases exon 9 inclusion,10.1016/j.

The c.1275A>G putative chronic pancreatitis-associated synonymous polymorphism in the glycoprotein 2 ( GP2) gene decreases exon 9 inclusion   (Citations: 3)
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We have recently found that a common synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), c.1275A>G, in exon 9 of the glycoprotein 2 (GP2) gene was significantly underrepresented in French idiopathic chronic pancreatitis patients 20years old or younger at disease onset than in the control population. To further investigate to this preliminary genetic finding, we characterized the functionality of c.1275A>G in the context of a minigene system. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that c.1275A>G could lead to disruption/generation of exonic splicing enhancer hexamers within exon 9 of the GP2 gene. Minigene analysis revealed that both the wild-type and mutant sequences expressed a full-length transcript and a short transcript lacking exon 9. Quantitation of the relative amount of the two transcripts indicated that the fraction of the full-length transcript derived from c.1275A>G is much lower than that derived from the wild-type (51.9% vs 77.4%). Extinction of two splicing factors (SF2/ASF and SC35) by RNA interference also affected c.1275A>G more seriously than the wild-type in terms of exon 9 skipping. Exon 9 skipping was presumed to cause a loss of GP2 function. This study represents the first detailed analysis of any variation in the GP2 gene and gives some support to the putative association of c.1275A>G with disease protection.
Journal: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - MOL GENET METAB , vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 319-324, 2010
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