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Nitration of Unsaturated Fatty Acids by Nitric Oxide-Derived Reactive Nitrogen Species Peroxynitrite, Nitrous Acid, Nitrogen Dioxide, and Nitronium Ion

Nitration of Unsaturated Fatty Acids by Nitric Oxide-Derived Reactive Nitrogen Species Peroxynitrite, Nitrous Acid, Nitrogen Dioxide, and Nitronium Io

Nitration of Unsaturated Fatty Acids by Nitric Oxide-Derived Reactive Nitrogen Species Peroxynitrite, Nitrous Acid, Nitrogen Dioxide, and Nitronium Ion   (Citations: 55)
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Journal: Chemical Research in Toxicology - CHEM RES TOXICOL , vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 83-92, 1999
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    • ...Unsaturated fatty acids containing bis-allylic protons was suggested to undergo nitration by NO-derived species via multiple mechanisms (43) and that nitrated fatty acids are potent antiinflammatory signaling mediators inhibiting LPS-induced secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages (44)...

    Chia-Chung Houet al. A Galactolipid Possesses Novel Cancer Chemopreventive Effects by Suppr...

    • ... Though the precise mechanism of this cytoprotection is still being elucidated, nitrite can readily modify diverse biomolecules by protein and lipid nitratio...

    Sruti Shivaet al. Ceruloplasmin is a NO oxidase and nitrite synthase that determines end...

    • ...Similarly, nitrolinoleic acid derivatives have been reported to lose an HNO2 fragment in MS analysis [38]: collectively these results support the nitration of BODIPY11 at an olefinic rather than an aromatic site...

    Adrian C. Nicolescuet al. Nitroxidation, nitration, and oxidation of a BODIPY fluorophore by RNO...

    • ...Nitrolipids can also be formed by a direct reaction of • NO 2 with nonoxidized lipids at physiological pH (16), or by a reaction of nitrous acid (HONO) ( Reaction 2 ), a product yielded by nitrite acidification, with oxidized lipids (16, 18)...
    • ...Nitrolipids can also be formed by a direct reaction of • NO 2 with nonoxidized lipids at physiological pH (16), or by a reaction of nitrous acid (HONO) ( Reaction 2 ), a product yielded by nitrite acidification, with oxidized lipids (16, 18)...
    • ...Nitrated lipids could also be formed in vivo in the lipid microenvironments where the rate of •NO autoxidation is high (e.g., with concurrent •NO and O2 therapy during lung disease) or where high NO2� concentrations are combined with low pH (e.g., gastric compartment, phagolysosome, and ischemic events) (16, 18)...

    Emersom S. Limaet al. Cholesteryl nitrolinoleate, a nitrated lipid present in human blood pl...

    • ...by nitric oxide and nitrite-derived species, predominantly nitrogen dioxide [1, 2]. Following initial reports of in vitro formation, NO2-FA were found to occur under physiological conditions in animal and human blood, urine and tissues [3–8] and to mediate a variety of signaling mechanisms [9–11]...

    Gustavo Bonacciet al. Gas-Phase Fragmentation Analysis of Nitro-Fatty Acids

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