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Heterosexual and homosexual gender dysphoria

Heterosexual and homosexual gender dysphoria,10.1007/BF01542067,Archives of Sexual Behavior,Ray Blanchard,Leonard H. Clemmensen,Betty W. Steiner

Heterosexual and homosexual gender dysphoria   (Citations: 59)
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This study investigated why more males than females complain of dissatisfaction with their anatomical sex (gender dysphoria). New referrals to a university gender identity clinic were dichotomously classified as heterosexual or homosexual. There were 73 heterosexual and 52 homosexual males; 1 heterosexual and 71 homosexual females. The average heterosexual male was 8 years older at inception than the homosexual groups. The heterosexual males reported that their first cross-gender wishes occurred around the time they first cross-dressed, whereas the homosexual groups reported that cross-gender wishes preceded cross-dressing by 3–4 years. Some history of fetishistic arousal was acknowledged by over 80% of the heterosexual males, compared to fewer than 10% of homosexual males and no homosexual females. The results suggest that males are not differentially susceptible to gender dysphoria per se, but rather that they are differentially susceptible to one of the predisposing conditions, namely, fetishistic transvestism.
Journal: Archives of Sexual Behavior - ARCH SEX BEHAV , vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 139-152, 1987
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    • ...Over the past 20-plus years, Blanchard (2005, 2010; see also Blanchard, Clemmensen, & Steiner, 1987) has provided a detailed empirical and theoretical analysis on the distinctions between males with TF and co-occurring autogynephila who also experience gender dysphoria and GID males without these co-occurring attributes...

    Kenneth J. Zuckeret al. Demographics, Behavior Problems, and Psychosexual Characteristics of A...

    • ...In persons who will eventually become nonhomosexual MtF transsexuals, a dysfunction in the mental mechanism responsible for accurately locating erotic targets in the environment—as evidenced by the onset of erotic cross-dressing—typically becomes apparent ‘‘just before, during, or after puberty’’(Whitam, 1997, p. 192; see also Blanchard, Clemmensen, & Steiner, 1987; Doorn, Poortinga, & Verschoor, 1994)...

    Anne A. Lawrence. Do Some Men Who Desire Sex Reassignment Have A Mental Disorder? Commen...

    • ...Gender transition by nonhomosexual men has the potential to be socially disruptive, because these men are often married (Lawrence, 2005; Muirhead-Allwood et al., 1999), frequently have children (Blanchard, Clemmensen, & Steiner, 1987; Lawrence, 2005; Muirhead-Allwood et al., 1999), and often hold established positions in their societies, especially if they undergo sex reassignment in their 40s or 50s (not an uncommon phenomenon in ...
    • ...Gender transition by homosexual men may create relatively little familial or social disruption, because homosexual men who seek sex reassignment rarely marry women or father children in individualistic countries (Bentler 1976; Blanchard et al., 1987; Lawrence, 2005), and almost never do so in collectivistic countries (Tsoi, 1990)...
    • ...almost never report having been married to women (Bentler, 1976; Blanchard et al., 1987; Lawrence, 2005)...

    Anne A. Lawrence. Societal Individualism Predicts Prevalence of Nonhomosexual Orientatio...

    • ...In some respects, this pattern runs counter to the early literature on GID in which an androphilic sexual orientation was more common (Blanchard, Clemmensen, & Steiner, 1987), but it does reflect, in our view, recent changes in the distribution of sexual orientation patterns in contemporary samples of male patients with GID in which Non-androphilic males appear to have become more common...

    Devita Singhet al. The Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and...

    • ...Notably, it is always those transsexuals who are constructed as “autogynephiles” that are accused of either lying about their sexual orientation, or of supposedly denying their experiences with cross-gender arousal; in contrast, the reports of those who neatly fit the “androphile” archetype are never questioned (Bailey, 2003; Bailey & Triea, 2007; Blanchard, 1985; Blanchard, Clemmensen, & Steiner, 1987; Lawrence, 2004; Lawrence, 2008)...

    Julia M. Serano. The Case Against Autogynephilia

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