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Personal Wisdom: Validation and Age-Related Differences of a Performance Measure

Personal Wisdom: Validation and Age-Related Differences of a Performance Measure,10.1037/a0013928,Psychology and Aging,Charlotte Mickler,Ursula M. Sta

Personal Wisdom: Validation and Age-Related Differences of a Performance Measure   (Citations: 6)
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The 2 goals of this study were to develop and validate a performance measure of personal wisdom (PW) and to examine age differences. On the basis of the Berlin wisdom paradigm and growth theories of personality, 5 criteria of PW were developed. A sample of 83 younger adults (ages 20–40) and 78 older adults (ages 60–80) thought aloud about a PW task. Transcribed answers were rated. Validity was established with regard to indicators of personality growth, subjective well-being, intelligence, critical life events, and general wisdom. As expected, no age differences were obtained on the basic criteria, and negative age differences were found on the metacriteria indexing PW. Fluid intelligence and openness to new experience partially mediated these differences. It is argued that on average and for current cohorts age-related changes in psychological functioning may act as hindrances on the road to PW.
Journal: Psychology and Aging - PSYCHOL AGING , vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 787-799, 2008
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    • ... knowledge, measured by the Berlin Wisdom Paradigm (e.g., Baltes et al. 1995) was also positively correlated with life satisfaction in a German sample of relatively highly educated younger adults (M = 30 years) and older adults (M = 67 years), whereas personal wisdom, assessed as self-knowledge, growth and self-regulation, interrelating the self, selfrelativism, and tolerance of ambiguity, was unrelated to life satisfaction (Mickler and ...
    • ... characteristics, was positively and moderately related to self-reported happiness, even after controlling for sex, age, and education, confirming Hypothesis 1. The quadratic relation between wisdom and happiness signifies that happiness gains with greater wisdom tended to be lower among high wisdom scorers than among lower wisdom scorers as wise persons might focus more on eudaimonic well-being rather than hedonic happiness (Mickler and ...
    • ...Positive affect and subjective well-being might facilitate self-reflection and a desire to explore the world which, in turn, might stimulate the development of wisdom (Cacioppo and Gardner 1999; Fredrickson and Branigan 2005; Mickler and Staudinger 2008)...

    Ad Bergsmaet al. Self-Reported Wisdom and Happiness: An Empirical Investigation

    • ...Past research has found a positive association between openness to experiences and diverse measures of wisdom in both cross-sectional research (Le, in press; Levenson, Jennings, Aldwin, & Shiraishi, 2005; Mickler & Staudinger, 2008; Staudinger, Maciel, Smith, & Baltes, 1998) and longitudinal studies (Helson & Srivastava, 2002; Wink & Helson, 1997)...

    Monika Ardelt. The Measurement of Wisdom: A Commentary on Taylor, Bates, and Webster'...

    • ...13) whereas Mickler and Staudinger (2008) found that younger adults scored better on what they term “personal wisdom” than did older adults...

    Trevor Curnow. Sophia and Phronesis: Past, Present, and Future

    • ...Mickler and Staudinger (2008), adapting the Berlin Wisdom Paradigm, found that age is negatively related to the three meta-criteria for personal wisdom in one's own life (self-relativism, interrelating the self, and tolerance of ambiguity)...

    Michel Ferrariet al. Phronesis, Sophia, and Hochma: Developing Wisdom in Islam and Judaism

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