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Unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior in the study of emotion communication

Unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior in the study of emotion communication,10.1037/0022-3514.39.3.522,Journal of Personality and Social Psych

Unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior in the study of emotion communication  
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Videotapes of spontaneous facial and gestural reactions to affective slides were segmented by university student observers using a group adaptation of D. Newtson's (1976) unitization technique. In Exp I, 46 females and 35 males segmented the expressions of a variety of children and adults; in Exp II, 50 males segmented the expressions of high vs low-expressive male and female senders. Results demonstrate that the unitization technique applied to emotion expression yields reliable patterns of segmentation that may be used to investigate the relationships of communication accuracy to both the nature of the sender's behavior and the attentional patterns of the receiver. In particular, differences in segmentation results for males and females suggest that the technique may allow the detailed examination of process-level gender differences in nonverbal sending accuracy and receiving ability. (13 ref)
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - PSP , vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 522-529, 1980
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