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Consequence of Omitting or Adding a Meal in Man on Body Composition, Food Intake, and Metabolism

Consequence of Omitting or Adding a Meal in Man on Body Composition, Food Intake, and Metabolism,10.1038/oby.2006.28,Obesity,Didier Chapelot,Corinne M

Consequence of Omitting or Adding a Meal in Man on Body Composition, Food Intake, and Metabolism   (Citations: 11)
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Objective: To investigate in man the consequence on body composition and related biological and metabolic parameters of omitting or adding a meal.Research Methods and Procedures: Twenty-four young normal-weight male subjects were recruited, 12 usual four-meal and 12 usual three-meal eaters, differing only in the consumption of an afternoon meal. They omitted or added a fourth meal during a 28-day habituation period and were asked to report their intake on three 3-day occasions. Before and after this habituation period, subjects participated in a session with a time-blinded procedure, and blood was collected continuously from lunch to the spontaneously requested dinner. Body composition, respiratory quotient, and biochemical parameters were measured in the late evening preceding each session.Results: Omitting a meal was followed by increases in fat mass (360 ± 115 grams, p < 0.05), late evening leptin concentration (20.7 ± 11.0%, p < 0.05), and respiratory quotient (3.7 ± 1.4%, p < 0.05). Increase in the percentage of dietary fat during the habituation period (+4.1 ± 2.0%, p < 0.05) was correlated with fat mass (r = 0.66, p < 0.05). Adding a meal had no effect, but, in both groups, the change in energy content at this fourth eating occasion was correlated with the change in adiposity.Discussion: Our results suggest that adiposity may increase when young lean male subjects switch from a four- to a three-meal pattern by removing their usual afternoon meal. This effect could be partly mediated by a change in the macronutrient composition of the diet.
Journal: Obesity , vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 215-227, 2006
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    • ...Conversely, those studies which have varied the number of meals consumed on a daily basis from between 1 and 9 meals per day have found no effect on energy intake, resting energy expenditure or change in body mass [27,31-33,46-48], although one recent study has reported an increase in fat mass with omission of an afternoon meal for 28 days [47] and another has detected higher overall energy intake from meals of prescribed content during a ...
    • ...Conversely, those studies which have varied the number of meals consumed on a daily basis from between 1 and 9 meals per day have found no effect on energy intake, resting energy expenditure or change in body mass [27,31-33,46-48], although one recent study has reported an increase in fat mass with omission of an afternoon meal for 28 days [47] and another has detected higher overall energy intake from meals of prescribed content during a ...

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