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Two dye two wavelength excitation calcium imaging: results from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells

Two dye two wavelength excitation calcium imaging: results from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells,10.1016/S0143-4160(98)90090-2,Cell Calcium,Martin Ohei

Two dye two wavelength excitation calcium imaging: results from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells   (Citations: 8)
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We tested a mixture of Calcium-Green-1 (CG-1) and Brilliantsulfaflavine (BS) for dual excitation ratiometric measurements of the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+) in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Dyes were coloaded (without being molecularly linked to each other) in the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique. We compared the loading time-courses of CG-1 and BS, investigated their intracellular distribution patterns and studied the time course of photobleaching. We determined the apparent dissociation constant of CG-1, both optically and by potentiometric titration. Our findings indicate that: (i) with excitation at 420/488 nm, calibrated fluorescence signals could be derived using a Grynkiewicz-type equation; (ii) BS is an ideal reference dye that displayed no interaction with CG-1 or cellular constituents; and (iii) that calibration requires diffusional equilibration between pipette and the accessible volume of the cell. Spatially resolved recordings of fluorescence excitation spectra revealed elevated fluorescence of CG-1 in the nucleus such that reported [Ca 2+]i levels seemed 25% higher compared to cytosolic values. Comparing fluorescence emission from in vitro dye solutions with in vivo values, we could estimate the accessible volume fraction and amount of Ca 2+-insensitive dye.
Journal: Cell Calcium , vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 71-84, 1998
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