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Inhibition of inflammation-induced alterations in rat small intestine by the herbal preparations STW 5 and STW 6

Inhibition of inflammation-induced alterations in rat small intestine by the herbal preparations STW 5 and STW 6,10.1016/j.phymed.2008.10.011,Phytomed

Inhibition of inflammation-induced alterations in rat small intestine by the herbal preparations STW 5 and STW 6   (Citations: 2)
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Inflammation is a common mechanism of many gastrointestinal diseases. Therefore, it is interesting to know, whether complex phytopharmaceuticals known to modulate gastrointestinal motor function reveal also anti-inflammatory properties. We tested the fixed herbal combination product STW 5 (Iberogast®) and its main component Iberis amara fresh plant extract (STW 6) to characterize their protective potential in an experimental inflammation model in vitro. The test system consisted of ileum/jejunum segments from male Wistar rats. Inflammation was evoked by intraluminal instillation of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) for 30min. Preincubation of TNBS together with STW 5 and STW 6 prevented the TNBS-induced inhibition of ACh-induced contractions. No differences were found between water-dissolved and ethanol-dissolved extracts. STW 5 and STW 6 reduced morphological changes induced by TNBS in mucosal and muscle layers. The IL-10 mRNA measured by qRT-PCR was not influenced by TNBS but increased by STW 5 and STW 6. The TNBS-induced increase in the TNFα-mRNA expression was suppressed by STW 5 but not by STW 6. Additionally, STW 5 decreased TNFα release in LPS-stimulated human monocytes. STW 6 influenced neither the TNFα-mRNA nor the TNFα release. These findings demonstrate that STW 5 reduced inflammation-induced alterations in ileum/jejunum segments. The effects were associated with a restoration of the disturbed ACh-induced contraction, pathohistological protection and inhibition of TNFα. STW 6 may contribute to the protective effect of STW 5 mainly by increasing IL-10 pathway but not by influencing TNFα.
Journal: Phytomedicine , vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 161-171, 2009
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