Malingering detection in a Spanish population with a known-groups design
Malingering detection has become a topic of increased interest in the US over the last years. However, this development has not been matched in Europe. For example, in Spain there is insufficient evidence to support the use of reliable and valid malingering tests. In this study, we tested the applicability of two malingering detection tests (Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and Dot Counting Test) in a Spanish sample. The sample included three groups of patients (30 non-compensation seeking, 14 compensation seeking non-suspected of malingering, and 10 suspected of malingering) and a group of analog students (n=54). Tests’ results were able to discriminate between the groups of malingerers (both patients and analogs) and non-malingerers (both compensation seeking and non-compensation seeking). However, the TOMM achieved a higher overall classification rate than the Dot Counting Test. Our results encourage the use of the TOMM as an indicator of malingering with Spanish population.