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Declining HIV Incidence Among Patients Attending Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics in Pune, India

Declining HIV Incidence Among Patients Attending Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics in Pune, India,10.1097/QAI.0b013e3180d0a6ba,Jaids-journal of A

Declining HIV Incidence Among Patients Attending Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics in Pune, India   (Citations: 9)
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Sanjay M Mehendale, Nikhil Gupte, Ramesh S Paranjape, Radhika G Brahme, Rewa Kohli, Neelam Joglekar, Sheela V Godbole, Smita N Joshi, Manisha V Ghate, Seema Sahay, B Kishore Kumar, Raman R Gangakhedkarhttp://academic.research.microsoft.com/io.ashx?type=5&id=37685773&selfId1=0&selfId2=0&maxNumber=12&query=
Journal: Jaids-journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - JAIDS , vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 564-569, 2007
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    • ...The epidemic seems to be stabilizing as a decline in HIV has been observed in high HIV prevalence states of southern India [2,3]...

    Rajesh Kumaret al. Impact of targeted interventions on heterosexual transmission of HIV i...

    • ...As for whether self-reported condom use increased over time, it is notable that condom use at last sex had a very high value at baseline (89.9% in the combined sample) and that ‘consistent’ condom use measured by a single question without further probing was 72.6% at baseline. PSI anticipated such high baseline measures: either some behaviour change might have already taken place since the programme had been underway for approximately a year or social desirability bias could have influenced reported condom use. The composite measure of consistent condom use resulted in considerably lower baseline proportion (63.6%); it rose to 86.5% at endline. Even assuming that social desirability bias (or other self-reporting bias) contributed to this result, the increase is considerable. The study did not employ a biological component so it is not possible to correlate reported levels of consistent condom use with levels of STI or HIV infection. However, another study that documented a 9-year decline in HIV incidence among male STI patients in Maharashtra found self-reported condom use with FSWs to be significantly associated with lower HIV incidence....

    Varja Lipovseket al. Increases in self-reported consistent condom use among male clients of...

    • ...Recently, India revised its estimates among commercial sex workers (CSW) and males attending sexually transmitted diseases (STI) clinics (Mehendale et al, 2007), showing a decline of HIV acquisition in these populations...

    S. Dhallaet al. HIV vaccine preparedness studies in the non-organization for economic ...

    • ... in India is 0.4%, [1], this translates to an estimated 2.5 million people living with HIV, with most being urban residents who acquired the virus via heterosexual contact [2, 3]. In India, women comprise 40% of HIV-positive adult individuals [4], and sex with an infected husband is considered to represent women’s greatest risk for HIV [5, 6]. Recent evidence suggests a stable rate of HIV among married women attending STI clinics [7] and an ...

    Niranjan Saggurtiet al. Male Migration/Mobility and HIV Among Married Couples: Cross-Sectional...

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