Academic
Publications
The Academic Caste System: Prestige Hierarchies in PhD Exchange Networks

The Academic Caste System: Prestige Hierarchies in PhD Exchange Networks,10.1177/000312240406900205,American Sociological Review,Val Burris

The Academic Caste System: Prestige Hierarchies in PhD Exchange Networks   (Citations: 69)
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
Journal: American Sociological Review - AMER SOCIOL REV , vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 239-264, 2004
Cumulative Annual
View Publication
The following links allow you to view full publications. These links are maintained by other sources not affiliated with Microsoft Academic Search.
    • ...The PVS posits that individuals attempt to maximize their prestige—in part through attachment to distinguished institutions—and institutions attempt to maximize their prestige—in part through attachment to distinguished faculty members (Caplow and McGee 1958; Burke 1988; Burris 2004)...
    • ...The PVS has been used to explain the hiring, promotion and retention practices and evaluation criteria of departments (Caplow and McGee 1958; Burke 1988); the structure and mobility patterns of academic careers (Baldi 1994; Debackere and Rappa 1995); the linkages among departments in networks of faculty exchanges (Burris 2004); the balance of effort among task sets for faculty (Clark 1987; Rhode 2006); mission drift in institutional and ...
    • ...The exigencies of the PVS have been shown to exacerbate existing status inequalities, both at the individual level (Merton 1968) and at the departmental level (Burris 2004)—thus creating highly and rigidly stratified systems...
    • ...Their career paths take them through institutions that are positioned at very different places on an institutional academic prestige hierarchy—ranging from ‘‘elite’’ to ‘‘mass’’ in the terminology of the literature of the prestige stratification system (e.g., Burris 2004)...
    • ...Previous research provides an expectation that the academic labor market has very little upward mobility from low prestige PhD training programs to high prestige employers (Baldi 1994; Debackere and Rappa 1995; Burris 2004)...
    • ...is caste system (Burris 2004) with closed mobility, Fig. 1 suggests that cases of upward mobility from low prestige PhD programs into very selective institutions do exist...
    • ... prestige value system have never considered the limited scope of the PVS is coincident with the fact that research in this area tends to be limited to elite sections of the academic marketplace—luminaries, historic figures and Nobel Prize winners in the case of Merton (1957); faculty at research intensive programs in the case of Caplow and McGee (1958) and Burke (1988); and faculty at doctoral degree granting programs in the case of Burris ...

    Emory Morrisonet al. Are You Satisfied? PhD Education and Faculty Taste for Prestige: Limit...

    • ...Although the use of faculty hiring as a proxy for prestige is new to Communication, it has been a measurement staple in several social science fields, such as Sociology (Burris 2004), Political Science (Masuoka, Grofman, & Feld 2007) and Economics (Pieper & Willis 1999)...
    • ...In many ways, these current data and data from Barnett et al. (2010) mirror findings in the other social sciences (e.g., Burris 2004; Fowler, Grofman, & Masuoka 2007; Masuoka, Grofman, & Feld 2007) that indicate the handful of programs at the top are entrenched with one another in terms of the hiring network and top programs often hire their own graduates over time...

    Thomas Hugh Feeleyet al. Predicting faculty job centrality in communication

    • ...In addition, previous studies suggested that the PhD exchange network is one of the most important networks among academic programs, and connections of different programs represented by the network influence the reputation of a program (Burris 2004)...

    Xingjian Liuet al. Productivity of Doctoral Graduate Placement Among PhD-Granting Geograp...

    • ...Burris (2004) regarded department prestige as a form of social capital which was determined by an exchange of PhDs among sociology departments, with centrality within interdepartmental hiring networks explaining 84% of the variance in department prestige...

    David Fabianic. PhD Program Prestige and Faculty Location in Criminal Justice and Soci...

    • ...practice, commonly called "academic inbreeding" continues today in some US schools, especially the most prestigious ones (Burris, 2004)...
    • ...Mexico; Hagstrom, 1971, Burris, 2004 and Merritt and Reskin, 1997, for the USA)...

    Hugo Hortaet al. Navel Gazing: Academic Inbreeding and Scientific Productivity

Sort by: