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Removal of Hsf4 leads to cataract development in mice through down-regulation of γS-crystallin and Bfsp expression

Removal of Hsf4 leads to cataract development in mice through down-regulation of γS-crystallin and Bfsp expression,10.1186/1471-2199-10-10,BMC Molecul

Removal of Hsf4 leads to cataract development in mice through down-regulation of γS-crystallin and Bfsp expression   (Citations: 6)
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BACKGROUND: Heat-shock transcription factor 4 (HSF4) mutations are associated with autosomal dominant lamellar cataract and Marner cataract. Disruptions of the Hsf4 gene cause lens defects in mice, indicating a requirement for HSF4 in fiber cell differentiation during lens development. However, neither the relationship between HSF4 and crystallins nor the detailed mechanism of maintenance of lens transparency by HSF4 is fully understood. RESULTS: In an attempt to determine how the underlying biomedical and physiological mechanisms resulting from loss of HSF4 contribute to cataract formation, we generated an Hsf4 knockout mouse model. We showed that the Hsf4 knockout mouse (Hsf4-/-) partially mimics the human cataract caused by HSF4 mutations. Q-PCR analysis revealed down-regulation of several cataract-relevant genes, including γS-crystallin (Crygs) and lens-specific beaded filament proteins 1 and 2 (Bfsp1 and Bfsp2), in the lens of the Hsf4-/- mouse. Transcription activity analysis using the dual-luciferase system suggested that these cataract-relevant genes are the direct downstream targets of HSF4. The effect of HSF4 on γS-crystallin is exemplified by the cataractogenesis seen in the Hsf4-/-,rncat intercross. The 2D electrophoretic analysis of whole-lens lysates revealed a different expression pattern in 8-week-old Hsf4-/- mice compared with their wild-type counterparts, including the loss of some αA-crystallin modifications and reduced expression of γ-crystallin proteins. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that HSF4 is sufficiently important to lens development and disruption of the Hsf4 gene leads to cataracts via at least three pathways: 1) down-regulation of γ-crystallin, particularly γS-crystallin; 2) decreased lens beaded filament expression; and 3) loss of post-translational modification of αA-crystallin.
Journal: BMC Molecular Biology - BMC MOL BIOL , vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 10-14, 2009
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