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Knowledge compilation meets database theory: compiling queries to decision diagrams

Knowledge compilation meets database theory: compiling queries to decision diagrams,10.1145/1938551.1938574,Abhay Kumar Jha,Dan Suciu

Knowledge compilation meets database theory: compiling queries to decision diagrams  
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The goal of Knowledge Compilation is to represent a Boolean expression in a format in which it can answer a range of online-queries in PTIME. The online-query of main interest to us is model counting, because of its application to query evaluation on probabilistic databases, but other online-queries can be supported as well such as testing for equivalence, testing for implication, etc. In this paper we study the following problem. Given a database query q, decide whether its lineage can be compiled efficiently into a given target language. We consider four target languages, of strictly increasing expressive power(when the size of compilation is constrained to be polynomial in the input size): Read-Once Boolean formulae, OBDD, FBDD and d-DNNF. For each target, we study the class of database queries that admit polynomial size representation: these queries can also be evaluated in PTIME over probabilistic databases. When queries are restricted to conjunctive queries without self-joins, it was known that these four classes collapse to the class of hierarchical queries, which is also the class of PTIME queries over probabilistic databases. Our main result in this paper is that, in the case of Unions of Conjunctive Queries (UCQ), these classes form a strict hierarchy. Thus, unlike conjunctive queries without self-joins, the expressive power of UCQ differs considerably w.r.t. these target compilation languages. Moreover, we give a complete characterization of the first two target languages, based on the query's syntax.
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