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Mental Models, Visual Reasoning and Interaction in Information Visualization: A Top-down Perspective

Mental Models, Visual Reasoning and Interaction in Information Visualization: A Top-down Perspective,10.1109/TVCG.2010.177,IEEE Transactions on Visual

Mental Models, Visual Reasoning and Interaction in Information Visualization: A Top-down Perspective   (Citations: 2)
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Although previous research has suggested that examining the interplay between internal and external representations can benefit our understanding of the role of information visualization (InfoVis) in human cognitive activities, there has been little work detailing the nature of internal representations, the relationship between internal and external representations and how interaction is related to these representations. In this paper, we identify and illustrate a specific kind of internal representation, mental models, and outline the high-level relationships between mental models and external visualizations. We present a top-down perspective of reasoning as model construction and simulation, and discuss the role of visualization in model based reasoning. From this perspective, interaction can be understood as active modeling for three primary purposes: external anchoring, information foraging, and cognitive offloading. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for design, evaluation and theory development.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics - TVCG , vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 999-1008, 2010
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    • ...Recent work in InfoVis by Liu and Stasko [44] argues for the importance of internal representations—mental representations overlaying text, visuals, and spatial relationships—in achieving interaction objectives like external anchoring, information foraging, and cognitive offloading...
    • ...Mental models as conceptualized by [44] can help explain the potential efficiency of tailoring...

    Jessica Hullmanet al. Benefitting InfoVis with Visual Difficulties

    • ...This view is congruent with a distributed cognition model of InfoVis [26]...
    • ...Liu and Stasko [26] frame the site of such differences via the mental model concept, arguing that the effects of such differences on interpretation have been underexplored in InfoVis...

    Jessica Hullmanet al. Visualization Rhetoric: Framing Effects in Narrative Visualization

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