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Historical Thermometer Exposures in Australia

Historical Thermometer Exposures in Australia,10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199606)16:6<705::AID-JOC30>3.0.CO;2-S,International Journal of Climatology,Nevil

Historical Thermometer Exposures in Australia   (Citations: 17)
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There is ample contempory evidence that most meteorological themometers in Australia were not exposed in Stevenson screens until very late in the nineteenth century, and in many places not until well into the twentieth century. There is also evidence, from a long-running comparision at Adelaide, that mean temperatures in a Stevenson screen are lower than in an open stand in Australian conditions. Thus, there are strong grounds for expecting that ninteenth century, and some early twentieth century, Australian temperatures are biased warm, relative to modern exposures.
Journal: International Journal of Climatology - INT J CLIMATOL , vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 705-710, 1996
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    • ...For the Mediterranean climate, Nicholls et al. [1996] have shown that presheltered temperatures in Australia are likely to bias the longest temperature records, tending to mainly overestimate Tmax and very slightly underestimate Tmin values compared with the modern-screen period...
    • ...So other absolute approaches are necessary for dealing with it. Second, when pre-Stevenson exposures were changed to the new ones, no parallel measurements between the old and new screens were made (except in a few cases, e.g., Adelaide [Nicholls et al., 1996] or in Madrid for the Mediterranean climate, at least to the authors’ knowledge)...

    M. Brunetet al. Temporal and spatial temperature variability and change over Spain dur...

    • ...For the Mediterranean climate, Nicholls et al. [1996] have shown that presheltered temperatures in Australia are likely to bias the longest temperature records, tending to mainly overestimate Tmax and very slightly underestimate Tmin values compared with the modern-screen period...
    • ...So other absolute approaches are necessary for dealing with it. Second, when pre-Stevenson exposures were changed to the new ones, no parallel measurements between the old and new screens were made (except in a few cases, e.g., Adelaide [Nicholls et al., 1996] or in Madrid for the Mediterranean climate, at least to the authors’ knowledge)...

    M. Brunetet al. Temporal and spatial temperature variability and change over Spain dur...

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