Saline paleolake of the Cañadón Asfalto Formation (Middle-Upper Jurassic), Cerro Cóndor, Chubut province (Patagonia), Argentina
The carbonate-evaporitic sequence of the Cañadón Asfalto Formation that crops out in Cañadón Carrizal (Chubut province, Argentina) is characterized by a lacustrine facies association. This sequence includes an extensive biohermal belt, flood facies with high lake-level and low lake-level stages, and desiccation–evaporation facies. The biohermal belt shows three growth-stages of microbial communities. This belt controlled sedimentation in nearby areas, favoring the formation of the pan lake of Cañadón Carrizal. High lake-level flood facies represent sedimentation during periods of great water input to the pan lake. Low lake-level flood facies are characterized by low-energy conditions and by the development of a shallow lake with marginal zones and palustrine subenvironments. Desiccation facies represent a dry mudflat that borders the saline lake. Evaporation facies are related to the shrinkage of the water body and to the migration of the shallower facies towards the center of the ephemeral lake.
, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 350-364, 2005