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Appropriateness of admission and days of stay in pediatric hospital in Ancona, Italy

Appropriateness of admission and days of stay in pediatric hospital in Ancona, Italy,10.1007/s10389-010-0325-y,Journal of Public Health,Daniela Vincit

Appropriateness of admission and days of stay in pediatric hospital in Ancona, Italy  
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Background  In Italy, hospital admission costs account for nearly 42% of total health expenditure; in the Marche region, this share exceeds 50%. High costs of hospitalization, however, can be partly explained by inappropriate use. The aim of this research was to assess the risk factors associated with inappropriate hospital admissions and stay for acute pediatric patients. Methods  Clinical records of children from 30 days to 14 years of age admitted to the wards of orthopedics, pediatrics, pediatric isolation, pediatric surgery and pediatric oncohematology at Salesi Pediatric Hospital of Ancona throughout 2004 were reviewed. The Italian Pediatric Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (PRUO) was used as a tool for assessing inappropriateness of admission and days of stay. Results  Overall 21.7% (95% CI = 16.1%–22.4%) of hospital admissions and 30.3% (95% CI = 26.0%–34.9%) of days of stay were judged to be inappropriate. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that inappropriate admission was significantly associated with type of admission, discharge ward and place of residence. Inappropriateness of stay was significantly higher if admission was to a medical ward and if admission itself was judged inappropriate. Conclusions  In a socioeconomic context in which reducing waste is necessary, ineffective health care interventions are no longer tolerable. As a tool capable of integrating each patient’s specific features with those of the health care process, the pediatric PRUO could be a valid tool in the hands of managers for monitoring the appropriateness of admission and stay.
Journal: Journal of Public Health - J PUBLIC HEALTH , vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 497-503, 2010
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