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Vitamin D status of apparently healthy schoolgirls from two different socioeconomic strata in Delhi: relation to nutrition and lifestyle

Vitamin D status of apparently healthy schoolgirls from two different socioeconomic strata in Delhi: relation to nutrition and lifestyle,10.1017/S0007

Vitamin D status of apparently healthy schoolgirls from two different socioeconomic strata in Delhi: relation to nutrition and lifestyle   (Citations: 12)
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Journal: British Journal of Nutrition - BRIT J NUTR , vol. 99, no. 04, 2008
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    • ... Moreover being vegetarian, daily intake of vitamin D-containing foods like milk, egg yolk, meat and butter is meagre in Indian children and adolescents leading to low dietary intakes of calcium and vitamin D (...

    V H Ekboteet al. A pilot randomized controlled trial of oral calcium and vitamin D supp...

    • ...In North India (27ºN), 96% of neonates [7], 91% of healthy school girls [8], 78% of healthy hospital staff [4] and 84% of pregnant women [7] were found to have hypovitaminosis D. The criteria used for defining hypovitaminosis D in most of the studies was a serum 25(OH)D level below 50nmol/L...
    • ...Hypovitaminosis D is equally prevalent among rural and urban subjects [7] but in some studies urban subjects are found to be more deficient [8, 12]...

    Nidhi Malhotraet al. Vitamin D status in Asia

    • ...Greater time spent outdoors (89, 92, 112, 113) and rural suburban vs urban living (100) were generally associated with better 25(OH)D indicating the importance of UV exposure...

    Tim Greenet al. Vitamin D in Asia

    • ...Our studies demonstrated clinical evidence of genu varum/genu valgum in 10.8‐11.5% of apparently healthy children and adolescents in Delhi with no significant difference between the lower (LSES, 11.6%) and upper socioeconomic groups (USES, 9.7%) (4, 74)...
    • ...Nonethless, using the Lips classification (70), severe hypovitaminosis D (<5 ng/ml or <12.5 nmol/l) was seen in 4‐8.6% of our study population in summer months (4, 74)...
    • ...However, in our studies 37 and 29.9% of children had serum 25(OH)D < 9 ng/ml (4, 74)...
    • ...The mean serum concentrations of 25(OH)D reported in children and adolescents from urban northern India were 11.8 ± 7.2 and 13.84 ± 6.97 ng/ml, respectively (4, 74)...
    • ...exposed to sunshine, duration of exposure, and use of UV protection sunscreen were taken into consideration (74)...
    • ...In the absence of fortification, diet alone has insignificant role in determining serum 25(OH)D levels (74)...
    • ...A negative correlation between 25(OH)D and iPTH was observed in our studies (r = ‐0.202, p<0.001) (4, 74)...
    • ...Up to one-fourth of apparently normal Indians including physicians and other paramedical workers have supranormal serum PTH (2, 4, 74).Our recent study shows lack of bio-adaptation in the intestinal calcium absorption in Indians with chronic hypovitaminosis D. The VDR mRNA expression level in the jejunal mucosa and peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed no significant difference in subjects with 25(OH)D < 10 ng/ml and > 10 ng/ml...

    R. K. Marwahaet al. Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Health Consequences in India

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