Chemical composition and its origin in spring rainwater over Taihu Lake

Chemical composition and its origin in spring rainwater over Taihu Lake,10.1007/BF02842859,Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology,Xuemei Wang,Lon

Chemical composition and its origin in spring rainwater over Taihu Lake  
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Chemical compositions of rainwater collected in three stations in Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province, China between March and May 2003 were analyzed through numerical simulations and field observation data. In terms of average ion deposition rate in spring at the air/water interface, of all anions, that of SO 4 2− was the largest followed by NO 3 − , whereas among all cations, Ca2+ concentration and the rate was the largest, and then NH 4 + was the next. The correlation of ion concentration indicated that the catchment of the lake has been artificially polluted considerably. Using backward trajectory analysis, the raining water in the stations in Taihu Lake was classified. In spring, marine-originated rain is the main contribution to this area, counting for 92.7% of the total precipitation, in which SO 4 2− , NO 3 − and NH 4 − contributed 89.2%, 88.1%, and 88.3% respectively to the total spring-rain chemicals, whereas land-originated rains contributed in a small amount. However, the ion concentration in the land-originated rain was higher and acidic, causing considerable harm to local ecosystem. The analysis of backward trajectory analysis shows that three types of air masses influenced the chemical composition of the lake water, namely, air mass from NE direction, air mass from SW direction, and local air mass. Although the local air masses often produced small rainfall amount, but the nature of high ion concentration and high acidity impacted the local ecosystem rmmarkably. The ion concentration and rainfall from long-distance boreal air mass are clearly greater than those in austral air.
Journal: Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology - CHIN J OCEANOL LIMNOL , vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 421-427, 2006
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