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Alternative raw materials and pulping process using clean technologies

Alternative raw materials and pulping process using clean technologies,10.1016/j.indcrop.2007.12.005,Industrial Crops and Products,Luis Jiménez,Alejan

Alternative raw materials and pulping process using clean technologies   (Citations: 2)
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In this work, we characterized various unconventional pulping raw materials in terms of their contents in hollocelulose, α-cellulose, lignin, ethanol–benzene extractables, ash, and hot water and 1% soda solubles. Also, we characterized pulp obtained from each material by using an ethyleneglycol concentration of 65% at 180°C for 75min, followed by beating at 1500 revolutions in a PFI refiner—all of which are compatible with existing facilities for Kraft and soda pulping processes.We characterized vine shoots, cotton stalks, Leucaena leucocephala and Chamaecytisus proliferus as pulping raw materials and found Ch. proliferus and cotton stalks to be the best for the intended purpose on the grounds of their increased contents in holocellulose (79.73 and 72.86%) and α-cellulose (45.37 and 58.48%), and their decreased contents in ethanol–benzene extractables (2.64 and 1.42%), hot water solubles (2.79 and 3.33%) and 1% soda solubles (16.67 and 20.34%). These properties resulted in increased pulp yields and hence in efficient use of these two types of raw material.The paper sheets obtained of different pulps were characterized and those from Ch. proliferus found to be the best overall as they exhibited an increased breaking length (4644m), stretch (2.87%), burst index (2.46kN/g) tear index (0.33mNm2/g) and brightness (49.92% ISO); in addition Ch. proliferus pulp was obtained with a high yield (62.88%). On the other hand, vine shoots provided the poorest results among the studied raw materials.
Journal: Industrial Crops and Products - IND CROPS PRODUCTS , vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 11-16, 2008
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