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Effects of two lubricant oils on marine nematode assemblages in a laboratory microcosm experiment

Effects of two lubricant oils on marine nematode assemblages in a laboratory microcosm experiment,10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.10.018,Marine Environmental

Effects of two lubricant oils on marine nematode assemblages in a laboratory microcosm experiment   (Citations: 5)
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The effects of two lubricating oils on nematode assemblages of a Tunisian lagoon were investigated in a microcosm experiment. Sediment from a pristine site in Ghar El Melh lagoon (Western Mediterranean) was treated with either mineral oil (Mobil 20W-50), a synthetic lubricant (Mobil 0W-40), the same two lubricants after use in a vehicle, and effects were examined after 5weeks. Univariate analysis showed significant differences between most univariate indices of the nematode assemblages in all the lubricant treatments as compared to the control. Total nematode abundance (I), species richness (d) and number of species (S) decreased significantly in all lubricant contaminated microcosms. However, evenness was not affected in all treated replicates except in used mineral lubricant treatment where it was significantly higher than in the control. Diversity (H′) was only altered in synthetic lubricant treatments. Results from multivariate analyses of the species abundance data demonstrated that responses of nematode species to the two lubricants treatments were varied: Daptonema trabeculosum was eliminated in all lubricant treatments and seemed to be an intolerant species to oil contamination. Spirinia gerlachi increased in mineral lubricant treatments (“clean” and used) but was eliminated in all synthetic lubricant treatments. This species could be categorized as “resistant” to mineral oil contamination and intolerant to synthetic lubricant contamination. Terschellingia longicaudata increased only in synthetic lubricant treatments (“clean” and used) and appeared to be a “synthetic oil-resistant” species.
Journal: Marine Environmental Research - MAR ENVIRON RES , vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 248-253, 2010
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