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Effects of dispersant concentration and pH on properties of lead zirconate titanate aqueous suspension

Effects of dispersant concentration and pH on properties of lead zirconate titanate aqueous suspension,10.1016/j.ceramint.2008.06.011,Ceramics Interna

Effects of dispersant concentration and pH on properties of lead zirconate titanate aqueous suspension   (Citations: 2)
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Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) aqueous suspensions were prepared at 60wt.% solids loading using a commercial ammonium polyacrylate (APA) dispersant. Effects of the dispersant concentration on rheological behavior, dispersion and stability of PZT aqueous suspensions were investigated by means of zeta potential, viscosity and sedimentation height measurements. The results showed that, under suitable conditions, APA dispersant promoted particle dispersion and stabilization in PZT aqueous suspensions. For 60wt.% solids loading suspensions, the dispersant concentration yielding the lowest viscosity was 0.5wt.% based on PZT powder dried weight basis. Effects of pH on particle dispersion in the suspensions prepared with APA were studied by laser light scattering technique and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed an improvement in particle dispersion for the alkaline condition, which led to relatively low viscosity and highly stable suspension. Possible particle stabilization mechanisms at various pHs were discussed based on dissociation of the dispersant in water, polymer conformation and adsorption behavior of the dispersant on the particle surface.
Journal: Ceramics International - CERAM INT , vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1227-1233, 2009
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