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Strategic environmental assessment implementation in China — Five-year review and prospects

Strategic environmental assessment implementation in China — Five-year review and prospects,10.1016/j.eiar.2010.04.010,Environmental Impact Assessment

Strategic environmental assessment implementation in China — Five-year review and prospects   (Citations: 6)
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Through literature review and questionnaire survey, the purpose of this study is to understand current status and major fields of SEA implementation in China, and then to provide advice for future improvement of SEA system, according to objective evaluation of the effectiveness of SEA implementation. Major types and fields of SEA implementation were firstly studied to conclude that the attitude of decision-makers and competent authority of SEA implementation does generate direct impacts on SEA implementation. Current status of SEA implementation were then studied, in terms of timing, techniques and methodologies, public participation, information disclosure, alternative, and review organization, to conclude that SEA implementation in China is “impact-based SEA” and the major problems of SEA implementation are resulted from deficient and defective management of SEA system, such as laws, regulations, and means of management. In order to have objective evaluation on the effectiveness of SEA implementation, to understand good practice of SEA implementation, and to provide advice for future improvement of SEA system, it is necessary to establish reasonable and feasible evaluation criteria for the effectiveness of SEA implementation, based upon foreign experience and political, legislative, administrative and cultural characteristics of China. Various types and stages of SEA should be carefully considered to be included into the evaluation criteria for the effectiveness of SEA implementation.
Journal: Environmental Impact Assessment Review - ENVIRON IMPACT ASSESS REV , vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 77-84, 2011
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