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Burnt bones and teeth: an experimental study of color, morphology, crystal structure and shrinkage

Burnt bones and teeth: an experimental study of color, morphology, crystal structure and shrinkage,10.1016/0305-4403(84)90013-X,Journal of Archaeologi

Burnt bones and teeth: an experimental study of color, morphology, crystal structure and shrinkage   (Citations: 93)
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Journal: Journal of Archaeological Science - J ARCHAEOL SCI , vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 307-325, 1984
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    • ...). All these features are indicative of exposure to high temperature ...

    Giuseppe Mastrolorenzoet al. Lethal Thermal Impact at Periphery of Pyroclastic Surges: Evidences at...

    • ...Sometimes, animal bones show evidence of direct exposure to heat, through discoloration, increased friability, sooting and other characteristic gross morphological changes (Shipman et al. 1984; Nicholson 1993)...

    Claudio Ottoniet al. Preservation of ancient DNA in thermally damaged archaeological bone

    • ...Shipman et al . (1984) burned sheep and goat mandibles and astragali in a ceramic kiln...
    • ...Hence, on the one hand, the texture of this material could correspond to stage I (185‐285 ° C) proposed by Shipman et al . (1984), but on the other the colour could suggest stage II (285‐525 ° C). However, a reddish brown colour may represent bone that decomposed in the presence of flesh, as discussed by Beisaw (2000), as well as the presence of minerals in the soil...
    • ...It corresponds, following Shipman et al . (1984), to stage III in colour (525‐645 ° C). The surface is cracked longitudinally and some areas have a vitreous appearance that again corresponds to stage III (285‐440 ° C). The brown colour of the inner part could be due to the migration towards the surface of small carbon particles (Schultz 1986)...
    • ...Shipman et al. (1984) report similar X-ray diffraction patterns for samples treated at temperatures lower than 645°C...
    • ...Such differences may again be correlated with the colour and thermal observations of Shipman et al. (1984) and Lozano (2002)...
    • ...Following Lozano (2002), this corresponds to a temperature interval of 450‐650°C, but it fits into colour stage III (525‐ 645°C) of Shipman et al. (1984)...

    C. M. A. PIJOANet al. THERMAL ALTERATIONS IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL BONES

    • ...This classification was developed before publication of the Shipman et al. (1984) descriptive system which ascribed temperature ranges for similar stages in alteration of bone colour by heat...

    Diane Gifford-Gonzalez. The Fauna from Ele Bor: Evidence for the Persistence of Foragers into ...

    • ...Bone apatite crystallinity is known to increase the temperature (Person et al., 1996; Shipman, Foster & Schoeninger, 1984; Stiner et al., 1995), and thus it was assumed that bones heated at higher temperatures were more crystalline...
    • ...The heating procedure followed that described by Shipman, Foster & Schoeninger (1984)...
    • ...To allow calibration of SF measurements between studies, a series of standards should be created by controlled heating at approximately 200, 400, and 600C, as in Experiment II above (following Shipman, Foster & Schoeninger, 1984)...

    Todd A. Surovellet al. Standardizing Infrared Measures of Bone Mineral Crystallinity: an Expe...

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