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Geoeffectiveness of the interplanetary manifestations of coronal mass ejections and solar-wind stream–stream interactions

Geoeffectiveness of the interplanetary manifestations of coronal mass ejections and solar-wind stream–stream interactions,10.1007/s10509-010-0428-5,As

Geoeffectiveness of the interplanetary manifestations of coronal mass ejections and solar-wind stream–stream interactions   (Citations: 1)
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Coronal mass ejections and high-speed streams from the Sun, and related structures formed and evolved in interplanetary space, i.e. interplanetary manifestations of CMEs (ICMEs) and stream interaction regions (SIRs)/corotating interaction regions (CIRs), are mainly responsible for geomagnetic disturbances in the Earth’s magnetic environment. However, the presence or absence of associated/finer structures of ICMEs (e.g., shock/sheath, magnetic cloud) and SIRs/CIRs (forward and reverse shocks, stream interface) might influence their geoeffectiveness as these features within large-scale structures of ICMEs and SIRs display different and varying plasma and field characteristics. In this work, we analyze the solar-wind plasma and field parameters (plasma velocity, density and pressure, magnetic field, its north-south component and electric field) together with geomagnetic activity parameters (kp and Dst), applying the method of superposed epoch analysis. By systematically changing the time of passage of different features as epochs, e.g. discontinuities/shocks, CMEs/magnetic clouds in ICMEs and discontinuities/forward shocks in SIRs/CIRs, we study the relative geoeffectiveness of not only the large-scale structures (ICMEs/SIRs/CIRs), but of their finer features also. We critically analyze the differences in geoeffectiveness due to different structures and features, with distinct plasma/field characteristics, and we utilize these results to understand the mechanism during their interaction with geospace.
Journal: Astrophysics and Space Science - ASTROPHYS SPACE SCI , vol. 331, no. 1, pp. 91-104, 2011
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