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The effect of the Naked Neck genotype ( Nana ), feeding and outdoor rearing on growth and carcass characteristics of free range broilers in a hot climate

The effect of the Naked Neck genotype ( Nana ), feeding and outdoor rearing on growth and carcass characteristics of free range broilers in a hot clim

The effect of the Naked Neck genotype ( Nana ), feeding and outdoor rearing on growth and carcass characteristics of free range broilers in a hot climate  
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Alternative poultry production with special reference to free range broilers has increased significantly since the nineties in many regions of the world. Numerous factors influence the productive performance of this type of broilers: genotype (namely the use of naked neck animals), feeding and access to an outdoor area. The aim of this paper is to study the influence of each of these factors on the productive performance of free range broilers under commercial rearing conditions. A total of 3200, day old chicks of both sexes from naked neck and normally feathered genotypes were used in this trial. After a joint initiation phase, animals were divided into four different treatments with the combination of two concentrates (high vs low energy content) and management (access to outside park or not). Experiment lasted a total of 12 weeks. Live weight date was recorded weekly and a samples of animals from the trial were sacrificed at the age of 8, 10 and 12 weeks, when carcass characteristics were determined. Besides sex, the only factor that seems to affect growth characteristics was genotype as naked neck animals had poorer growth rates than normally feathered. No effect was detected on carcass yields and percentages of carcass components for any of the variables. From the data presented in this trial the practises associated with free range production are of relative inconsequence to the technical animal production parameters and can only be justified by a pressing need to differentiate these products from standard poultry products in what concerns both welfare issues and meat characteristics. The results also indicate that genetic material from alternative poultry production in Europe can be a useful option in poultry production development projects in the tropics.
Journal: Tropical Animal Health and Production - TROP ANIM HEALTH PROD , vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 99-107, 2010
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