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Biological Soil Crusts: Ecology and Management

Biological Soil Crusts: Ecology and Management,J. Belnap,R. Rosentreter,S. Leonard,J. H. Kaltenecker,J. Williams,D. Eldridge

Biological Soil Crusts: Ecology and Management   (Citations: 32)
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Published in 2001.
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    • ...covering all surfaces not occupied by vascular plants or rock (Belnap et al. 2001)...
    • ...Some coccoid green microalgae or heterocystic cyanobacteria (Scytonema sp. and Nostoc sp., etc.) could associate fungus into lichens (Belnap et al. 2001), and in this case the BSC was probably a lichen crust...
    • ...In addition, the highest C and N fixation of the lichen crusts made this environment suitable for the establishment of mosses, which appeared in interdune areas (Belnap et al. 2001 ;M etting1981; Shields and Dcrrell 1964; Housman et al. 2006 ). The presence of mosses further changed soil properties with further accumulation of organic C (Vitt 1989)...

    Bingchang Zhanget al. Microalgal species variation at different successional stages in biolo...

    • ...Many authors have highlighted the relevance of biological crusts in arid systems (Watson 1979; Belnap et al. 2001)...

    Roberto L. Romãoet al. Gypsum Physical Soil Crusts and the Existence of Gypsophytes in Semi-a...

    • ...Well-developed crusts often represent over 70% of the living ground cover and play an important ecological role in deserts or semideserts (Belnap et al. 2001)...

    Michael Hoppertet al. Structure and Reactivity of a Biological Soil Crust from a Xeric Sandy...

    • ...© CSIRO 2006 10.1071/BT05078 0067-1924/06/040339 340 Australian Journal of Botany I. Mart´ ınez et al. Belnap et al. 2001)...
    • ...Owing to human-related activities, gypsum habitats are ranked among the most threatened ecosystems worldwide, and are considered a priority conservation concern (G´ omez Campo 1987; Belnap et al. 2001; Mota et al. 2003)...
    • ...Successional stages were established according to Belnap et al. (2001): EC = early successional species,...
    • ...It is interesting to note that the early successional lichen Collema (Belnap et al. 2001) was more abundant in El Plano than in Belinch´ This suggests that the abundance of mosses may be due to factors other than the local successional status of the biological crusts...
    • ...Lepraria crassisima were negatively associated with soil respiration and positively associated with bare soil cover, suggesting that these lichen species act as pioneers following disturbance (Eldridge 1999; Belnap et al. 2001)...
    • ...The abundance of squamulose lichens observed in Belinch´ on agrees with the results of studies showing that this morphological group dominates during the early stages of biological-crust recovery after disturbance (Belnap et al. 2001)...

    I. Mart ´ inezet al. Small-scale patterns of abundance of mosses and lichens forming biolog...

    • ...These highly structured crusts also support a higher percentage of lichen and moss cover, and display a complex bioarchitecture (Belnap et al., 2001a; Fig. 1)...

    Martin Grubeet al. Architectures of Biocomplexity: Lichen-Dominated Soil Crusts and Mats

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