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Effects of karaya saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus on yolk cholesterol in laying hens

Effects of karaya saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus on yolk cholesterol in laying hens,10.1080/00071668.2010.495469,British Poultry Science,S. Afrose

Effects of karaya saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus on yolk cholesterol in laying hens   (Citations: 2)
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1. It has been reported that karaya saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus individually have hypocholesterolaemic activity in laying hens. This study focuses on the effect of adding karaya saponin with R. capsulatus to hen's diet with regard to serum and egg yolk cholesterol and triglycerides.2. A total of 56 Boris Brown laying hens were divided into 7 groups at 20 weeks of age. Combinations of 25, 50, 75 mg kg karaya saponin and R. capsulatus 200 and 400 mg kg were used as treatment groups.3. After 8 weeks of supplementation, the effects of all the combinations of karaya saponin and R. capsulatus on serum and egg yolk cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol were greater than either karaya saponin or R. capsulatus alone. The combination of karaya saponin 50 mg kg+ R. capsulatus 400 mg kg exhibited the greatest reduction of serum (32⋅5%) and yolk (22⋅5%) cholesterol and the greatest increase of faecal, liver bile acids and yolk fatty acid (oleic, linoleic and linolenic) concentrations. In addition, egg production and yolk colour were significantly improved by the combined use of karaya saponin and R. capsulatus supplementation.4. Therefore, the dietary supplementation of karaya saponin and R. capsulatus may lead to the production of a low-cholesterol egg, with production performance maintained at a standard level.
Journal: British Poultry Science - BRIT POULTRY SCI , vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 409-418, 2010
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