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MOND plus classical neutrinos are not enough for cluster lensing

MOND plus classical neutrinos are not enough for cluster lensing,10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13552.x,Monthly Notices of The Royal Astronomical Society,Pr

MOND plus classical neutrinos are not enough for cluster lensing   (Citations: 7)
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Clusters of galaxies offer a robust test bed for probing the nature of dark matter that is insensitive to the assumption of the gravity theories. Both Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) and General Relativity (GR) would require similar amounts of non-baryonic matter in clusters as MOND boosts the gravity only mildly on cluster scales. Gravitational lensing allows us to estimate the enclosed mass in clusters on small (~20-50kpc) and large (~several 100kpc) scales independent of the assumptions of equilibrium. Here, we show for the first time that a combination of strong and weak gravitational lensing effects can set interesting limits on the phase-space density of dark matter in the centres of clusters. The phase-space densities derived from lensing observations are inconsistent with neutrino masses ranging from 2-7eV, and hence do not support the 2eV-range particles required by MOND. To survive, the most plausible modification for MOND may be an additional degree of dynamical freedom in a covariant incarnation.
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