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Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management,10.2307/3071995,Ecology,Kate Lajtha,Jayne Belnap,Otto L. Lange

Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management   (Citations: 166)
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Journal: Ecology , vol. 83, no. 6, 2002
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    • ...Belnap and Lange (2003) pointed out that these bare lands harbor an array of cyanobacteria, lichen, and mosses that may constitute up to or more than 70% of the living cover, some of which are suggested as the dominant components of the C cycle in arid and semi-arid lands (Shinpei et al, 2010)...

    Yan-gui Suet al. Carbon Exchange Responses of Cyanobacterial-Algal Crusts to Dehydratio...

    • ...and biological soil crusts (BSCs; complex combination of bryophytes, lichens and cyanobacteria that are widespread in drylands worldwide; ...

    Arantzazu L. Luzuriagaet al. Assemblage of a Semi-Arid Annual Plant Community: Abiotic and Biotic F...

    • ...BSCs are specialized communities dominated by mosses, lichens, liverworts, cyanobacteria, and other organisms that may constitute as much as 70% of the living cover in dryland ecosystems (Belnap and Lange 2003)...
    • ...Given the extent of dryland ecosystems worldwide, and the large areas covered by BSCs, not only in drylands, but also in other temperate, polar, and alpine ecosystems (Belnap and Lange 2003), the explicit consideration of BSC-dominated microsites in future empirical and modeling studies may greatly contribute toward advancing our knowledge of the global C cycle and to better predict the effects of global environmental change on soil ...

    Andrea P. Castillo-Monroyet al. Biological Soil Crust Microsites Are the Main Contributor to Soil Resp...

    • ...In arid and semi-arid landscapes, the interspaces between the sparse vegetation are generally covered by communities of highly specialized drought and dehydration tolerant organisms (Hawkes and Flechtner, 2002; Belnap and Lange, 2003; Zhang et al, 2009; Wu et al, 2010)...

    Yunpu Zhenget al. Morphological Adaptations to Drought and Reproductive Strategy of the ...

    • ...The latter are commonly dominated by biological soil crusts (BSCs), assemblages of lichens, fungi, cyanobacteria, and mosses that colonize the soil surface, which can represent up to 70% of the living cover in these areas (Belnap and Lange 2001)...
    • ...Biological soil crusts exert a great influence on ecosystem functioning by affecting soil stability, by fixing CO2 ,b y modulating water fluxes through their effects on runoff and infiltration, by influencing the establishment and performance of vascular plants, and by serving as habitats for a large number of arthropods and microorganisms (West 1990; Eldridge and Greene 1994; Belnap and Lange 2001)...

    Andrea P. Castillo-Monroyet al. Biological soil crusts modulate nitrogen availability in semi-arid eco...

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