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Molecular genetics as a tool to remove bottlenecks in the biosynthesis of β-lactam antibiotics

Molecular genetics as a tool to remove bottlenecks in the biosynthesis of β-lactam antibiotics,10.1007/BF00419466,World Journal of Microbiology & Biot

Molecular genetics as a tool to remove bottlenecks in the biosynthesis of β-lactam antibiotics  
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Several strains of Penicillium chrysogenum with different productions of penicillin were characterized at the molecular level in order to establish the basis of the increased penicillin production rates. The cluster of penicillin biosynthetic genes was located in an amplified genomic region of 57.9 kb in a high-producing strain (E1) and 106.5 kb in two strains (AS-P-78 and P2) producing moderately high levels of penicillin. This region was shown to be present in multiple tandemly repeated copies with a different copy number depending on the strain. The sequence TTTACA appeared at the junction points between repeats and at the borders of the amplified region in strains AS-P-78 and P2, while its reverse complementary TGTAAA was found in strain E1. The tandem reiteration and deletion appear to arise by site-specific recombination induced by mutagenic treatments. Finally, the relationship between glucose repression and pH regulation was studied in strain AS-P-78.
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