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The −308 G/A polymorphism in TNF-α gene is associated with asthma risk: an update by meta-analysis

The −308 G/A polymorphism in TNF-α gene is associated with asthma risk: an update by meta-analysis,10.1007/s10875-010-9477-3,Journal of Clinical Immun

The −308 G/A polymorphism in TNF-α gene is associated with asthma risk: an update by meta-analysis  
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Background  The −308 G/A polymorphism in TNF-α gene has been extensively investigated for association to asthma; however, results of different studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study is to comprehensively evaluate the genetic risk of −308 G/A polymorphism in TNF-α gene for asthma. Methods  A meta-analysis was carried out to analyze the association between the −308 G/A polymorphism TNF-α gene and asthma risk. Results  A total of 4717 cases and 5012 controls in 29 case–control studies were included in this meta-analysis. The result indicated that the variant A allele carriers had a 38% increased risk of asthma, when compared with the homozygote GG (odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.13–1.68 for AA + AG vs. GG). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significant elevated risks were associated with A allele carriers in Asians (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.17–2.01 and P = 0.002) but not in Caucasians(OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 0.75–1.50 and P = 0.73). In the subgroup analysis by age, significant elevated risks were associated with A allele carriers in adults (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.14–1.81, and P = 0.002) and children (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.03–1.82, and P = 0.003). In the subgroup analysis by atopic status, significant elevated risks of asthma were associated with A allele carriers in atopic population (OR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.34–2.10, and P P = 0.95). Conclusions  Our results suggest that the TNF-α −308 G/A polymorphism contributes to susceptibility to asthma.
Journal: Journal of Clinical Immunology - J CLIN IMMUNOL , vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 174-185, 2011
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