Redox problems in the “metallogenic specialization” of magmatic rocks and the genesis of hydrothermal ore mineralization
Considering the history and current state of the problem of the so-called metallogenic specialization of magmatic rocks, the
paper places emphasis onto various aspects of the genesis of ore mineralization depending on the redox state of magmas (as
a logical continuation of S. Ishihara’s works), fluids, and host rocks. These problems were inadequately poorly explored and
discussed by researchers dealing with ore deposits. Various possible variants of ore-forming redox processes for different
types of mineral deposits, with ore mineralization affiliated to granites (Ta, Sn, W, Mo, and Be) and mafic magmas (Au, Ag,
U, Cu, Zn, Pb, As, Sb, and Hg) and, accordingly, to crustal and mantle origin, are discussed. On the basis of analyzed geological
data, including those published over the past three decades, it is shown that the redox state of ore-producing magmas commonly
significantly impacted not only the ore potential of magmatic complexes but also the genetic type of the ore mineralization.
The redox state of the fluids predetermined the transport and precipitation speciation of metals. Influence mechanisms of
hydrocarbons from sedimentary country rocks and gaseous products of their pyrolysis on ore deposition of various metals are
considered. Understanding these mechanisms can be helpful for predicting the possible precipitation sites of ore mineralization
of noble, radioactive, and chalcophile metals.
, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 303-321, 2011