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Experience with proactive interference diminishes its effects: mechanisms of change

Experience with proactive interference diminishes its effects: mechanisms of change,10.3758/s13421-010-0017-4,Memory & Cognition,Christopher N. Wahlhe

Experience with proactive interference diminishes its effects: mechanisms of change   (Citations: 1)
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In three experiments, we examined the mechanisms by which prior experience with proactive interference (PI) diminished its effects. Cued recall tasks conforming to an A–B, A–D paradigm were used to induce PI effects. Experiment 1 showed that reduced PI was not due to a reduction in attention to the source of PI. Experiment 2 revealed that participants’ awareness of PI effects on memory performance increased with experience, resulting in a shift in encoding processes. Experiment 3 demonstrated that changes in encoding provided additional support for recollection that further enhanced participants’ ability to constrain their retrieval processing to the appropriate source of information at the time of test. These results can be interpreted as showing that experience with PI enhances awareness of its effects and allows individuals to adjust their learning and retrieval strategies to compensate for such effects.
Journal: Memory & Cognition - MEM COGNITION , vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 185-195, 2011
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    • ...For example, Jacoby, Wahlheim, Rhodes, Daniels, and Rogers (2010), and Wahlheim and Jacoby (2011) examined whether participants could be educated about the effects of PI when given two study–test trials in A–B, A–D paradigms that included feedback at the time of test...
    • ...Moreover, confidence judgments made at the time of test better discriminated between correct and incorrect responses on interference items on the second test trial, suggesting that participants became sensitive to the cuespecific effects of PI. The primary difference between the JOLs made in Diaz and Benjamin’ s( 2011) experiments and the confidence judgments made in the experiments by Jacoby et al. (2010) and by Wahlheim and Jacoby (2011) ...

    Christopher N. Wahlheim. Predicting memory performance under conditions of proactive interferen...

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